August 25, 2017 @ 12:00am

A Concussion IS a Traumatic Brain Injury


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A concussion is an injury to the brain caused by an “impulsive” force transmitted to the head. 

Causes can include:

  • a direct blow to the head
  • collision
  • fall
  • whiplash injury
  • violent blow to the body

 

A concussion causes immediate and usually temporary impairment of brain function.  In some instances, symptoms of head injury may not appear for several hours after trauma. The alteration of brain function can present as any number of signs and/or symptoms. A person does NOT have to lose consciousness to have a concussion. The effects of head injuries can be cumulative and recovery time from one to the next is frequently longer.

 

When to go to the hospital

Immediate display of:

  • Any loss of consciousness or unresponsiveness
  • Irregular vital signs (heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, etc.)
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Amnesia or worsening headache
  • Seizure activity
  • Persistent or worsening confusion or irritability
  • Suspicion of a spine injury, skull fracture or bleeding

 

If any of the following symptoms persist or worsen

  • Difficulty in waking the person
  • Dizziness or disorientation
  • Severe headache, particularly at a specific location, which is increasing
  • Blurred vision
  • Pupils which are dilated, unequal in size, or non-reactive to light
  • Poor balance or unsteadiness
  • Weakness or numbness in either arm or leg
  • Difficulty in remembering relevant people, events or facts
  • Deteriorating level of consciousness or convulsions
  • Unusual or bizarre behavior
  • Any discharge from the ears or nose
  • Slurring of speech
  • Confusion, strangeness or irritability

 

If there is any doubt as to the severity of the injury, please seek an evaluation by a medical provider. If this injury is sustained during a high school event you may be evaluated by a licensed athletic trainer and referred to a provider if deemed appropriate.

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Post tags:Rehabilitation